Referential Abstraction denotes art that abstracts something but the viewer can still tell what it is; the abstraction refers to something. Abstraction is the process of removing unwanted or unnecessary information and reducing something to its essential characteristics. In art, this often includes representational, or realistic, detail. Referential Abstraction denotes art that has undergone some of this reduction yet still retains some representational context; the work refers to something concrete and visible to the viewer.
Nadine Kent Drummond (1912–1966, American)
Untitled (Echo Rock Formation at The Confluence of Yampa River and Green River, NW Colorado)